Biology

Department of Biology

The Biology program provides students with a broad knowledge in the biological sciences through a core curriculum and upper-level courses in specialized areas of study. A hands-on approach for teaching laboratory techniques and field work is emphasized. Throughout the program, students are encouraged to develop effective communication skills and an awareness of the societal and global implications of biology. Students may pursue a major in Biology, a minor in Biology or Psychobiology, or concentrations in Nuclear Medicine Technology or Bioinformatics. In addition, the pre-requisites necessary to meet the requirements of medical, dental, veterinary, optometry, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, physical therapy, and pharmacy programs may be satisfied through the biology major. The Accelerated Pharmacy Program with MCPHS also can be completed through the Biology major.

Undergraduate biology majors who have demonstrated academic excellence and an interest in biological research may participate in the Honors in Biology program. The Chi lota Chapter of the national biological honor society, Beta Beta Beta provides recognition to outstanding students majoring in Biology and Biotechnology.

Faculty

Latifeh Amini-Kormi, Professor (1994), B.S. Tehran University; Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania

Daron C. Barnard, Professor (2006), B.A. Middlebury College; Ph.D. Vanderbilt University

Nirvana Filoramo, Assistant Professor (2011), B.S. University of Massachusetts, Amherst; M.S. Iowa State University; Ph.D. University of Connecticut

Ellen F. Fynan, Professor (1993), B.S. University of Maine; Ph.D. Thomas Jefferson University

Roger S. Greenwell, Co-Coordinator of the Biotechnology Program, Assistant Professor (2014), B.S. Western Kentucky University; Ph.D. University of Wisconsin-Madison

Aleel K. Grennan, Assistant Professor (2017), B.S. University of Massachusetts; M.S., Ph.D. University of Illinois

Jennifer Hood-DeGrenier, Associate Professor (2012), B.A. Williams College; Ph.D. Harvard University

Ana Bastos Barros Neto, Instructor (2017), B.S., University of Coimbra; Ph.D., University Pablo de Olavide - Seville, Spain and University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

Steven J. Oliver, Department Chair, Professor (2003), B.A. University of Montana; Ph.D. Boston University

Maura Pavao, Professor (2001), B.S. Worcester Polytechnic Institute; M.S., Ph.D. Rutgers University

Antonieto S. Tan, Professor (1993), B.S., M.S. University of San Carlos; Ph.D. University of Southern Mississippi

Randall Tracy, Professor (2003), B.S.,M.S. University of Connecticut; Ph.D. Arizona State University

Sebastian Velez, Associate Professor (2012), B.S. University of Puerto Rico; M.S. University of Notre Dame; Ph.D. Harvard University

PB-200 Introduction to Psychobiology

LASC Categories: HBS, NSP

Prerequisites: PS-101 and BI-116 or BI-140.

Introductory course in Psychobiology that covers topics including neurobiology, evolution, sensory/motor systems, learning and memory, and social behavior.

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

PB-400 Capstone in Psychobiology

LASC Categories: CAP

Seminar covering selected topics in Psychobiology including primary source material readings, laboratory activities, discussion, oral presentation and written papers.

Spring only and other or on demand. 2 Credits

Biology Courses (Undergraduate)

See LASC section for information on the Liberal Arts and Sciences Curriculum (LASC).

BI-101 Concepts of Biology

LASC Categories: LAB, NSP

Unifying principles in biology; diversity and evolution of plant and animal life at cellular and organismic levels. Three lecture hours and a two-hour laboratory per week.

Fall and Spring and every year. 4 Credits

BI-103 The Human Animal

LASC Categories: NSP

A general survey of the structure and function of human body systems from the biochemical and cellular basis of life to evolution of the human body and the organization of organs and organ systems, including the biological basis of selected disease states.

Every year. 3 Credits

BI-104 The Human Animal Laboratory

LASC Categories: NSP, LAB

Prerequisites or Corequisite: BI-103

This course is the lab to accompany The Human Animal, a general survey of the structure and function of human body systems from the biochemical and cellular basis of life to evolution of the human body and the organization of organs and organ systems, including the biological basis of selected disease states.

Every year. 1 Credit

BI-111 Social Biology

LASC Categories: HBS, NSP

This course considers the interface between current biological technologies and the social, cultural, legal, and moral postures of modern man.

Every year. 3 Credits

BI-112 Diseases and Mankind

LASC Categories: GP, NSP

Diseases of ancient and modern man; the impact on history, religion, science, art and philosophy.

Spring only and every year. 3 Credits

BI-114 Plants and Human Affairs

LASC Categories: GP, NSP

Man's dependence upon plants and their influence on civilization and its art, religions, literature, folklore, medicine, and human behavior.

Spring only and every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

BI-116 Animal Biology

LASC Categories: LAB, NSP

Survey of animal kingdom with emphasis on animal diversity, morphology, life histories, ecological evolutionary relation- ships. No credit for Biology major. Three lecture hours and two labratory hours per week.

Fall and Spring. 4 Credits

BI-117 Humans and the Environment

LASC Categories: LAB, NSP

A survey of Anthropologic environmental impacts and the underlying mechanisms involved. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Other or on demand. 4 Credits

BI-118 Dinosaurs

LASC Categories: NSP, LAB

A survey of dinosaurs; their evolution, anatomy, diversity and impact on evolutionary biology. discussions of the changing views of dinosaurs in the media and public consciousness. Three hours lecture and two hors lab.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-120 Darwinian Revolution

LASC Categories: TLC, NSP

An interdisciplinary perspective on the philosophical, religious, and social impacts of Darwin's theory of evolution by the process of natural selection. [Formerly BI370.]

Every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

BI-130 Field Biology

LASC Categories: GP, NSP, LAB

Study-Abroad Field Biology course for non-Biology majors. Course explores the intersection of human activities and environmental preservation, with a basic introduction to topics in organismal biology, biodiversity and biogeography.

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-140 Introduction to Organismal Biology

LASC Categories: LAB, NSP

Evolution, ecology, anatomy, physiology and diversity of organisms. Three hours lecture and three hours lab each week. Intended for STEM Majors.

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-141 Intro to Cellular and Molecular Biology

LASC Categories: NSP, LAB

Prerequisites: CH-120.
Prerequisites or Corequisite: CH-121

Cellular and molecular concepts in biology. Emphasis on the structure and varied functions of the cell. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Intended for STEM Majors.

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-161 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

LASC Categories: NLL

Considers human cellular biology, tissues, integumentary, nervous, endocrine, skeletal, muscular systems. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-162 Human Anatomy and Physiology II

LASC Categories: LAB, NSP

Prerequisites: BI-161.

Considers digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, immune and lymphatic systems; water and electrolyte balance, reproduction and embryology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-193 First Year Seminar Biology

LASC Categories: FYS

Introductory level course covering topics of special interest to first year students. Offered only as a First Year Seminar.

Every year. 3 Credits

BI-199 Selected Topics: Biological Sciences

Each topic is a lecture and/or a laborotory course in a selected area of the biological sciences presented by a departmental instructor, Topics will be announced in advance.

Every 2-3 years. 1-4 Credits

BI-200 Human Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-141 or PB-200.

A systemic approach to the study of human biology. The course will emphasize structure/function relationships and homestatic mechanisms. Three hour lecture and three hour lab.

4 Credits

BI-202 Principles of Ecology

LASC Categories: NLL, WAC

Prerequisites: BI-140, EN-102, MA-150 or MA-180, or MA-190, or MA-200.

Basic ecological theory relating to organism-environment interactions; population dynamics, and ecosystems. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-203 Genetics

LASC Categories: NLL, QAC

Prerequisites: BI-141. Must have a minimum Accuplacer score of 3.

Introductory genetics with examples of human inheritance and recent developments in genetic engineering. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-204 Microbiology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and CH-121.

The cytology, metabolism, and genetics of bacteria. Immune responses and control of microorganisms are stressed. Three lectures and a three-hour laboratory per week. (Prerequisites: Introductory chemistry and biology courses)

Fall and Spring and every year. 4 Credits

BI-205 Research Techniques and Experimental Design

Prerequisites: BI-141, and MA-150.

Investigations in experimental design and research mothodologies required fo rthe Honors program in Biology.

Every year. 2 Credits

BI-206 Medical Microbiology

LASC Categories: NSP, LAB

Prerequisites: BI-161 and either CH-112 or CH-120.

A study of growth and control of pathogenic microorganisms with emphasis on infectious disease transmission, immune responses, prevention and treatment. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week.

4 Credits

BI-207 Public Health Microbiology

Prerequisites: BI-161 and CH-112.

Growth and control of pathogenic microorganisms with emphasis on infectious disease transmission, immune responses, prevention and treatment for Public Health Majors.

Every year. 3 Credits

BI-215 Neuroscience

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-161 and BI-162

Structural and functional organization of the human nervous system with a focus on clinical applications. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-240 Research Experience

Lab and/or field based research on a specific research topic under the supervision of a faculty member.

1-6 Credits

BI-271 Basic Kinesiology

LASC Categories: NSP

Prerequisites: BI-161.

Structure and function of human skeletal muscles in relation to motion and general body mechanics under normal and stress conditions.

Every year. 3 Credits

BI-301 Topics in Invertebrate Zoology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-202.

Considers anatomy, taxonomy (including selected articles of the international code of zoological nomenclature), natural history, and evolutionary relationships of selected invertebrate phyla. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Spring only and every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-303 Parasitology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and either BI-200 or BI-161 and BI-162.

Basic concepts in symbiology, life cycles, epidemiology, disease development, control and prevention of selected human parasites. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-304 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and either BI-200 or BI-161 and BI-162.

Considers prochordate and chordate taxonomy and phylogeny; systematic morphological comparison of representative chordates to establish homology, analogy, and evolution. Three lecture hours and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-306 Developmental Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and BI-203.

Study of developmental patterns, cullular differentiation and cell interactions resulting in cellular diversity, organization, and perpetuation of the germ line. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Fall and Spring and every year. 4 Credits

BI-313 Histology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and either BI-200 or BI-161 and BI-162.

The structure and function of animal tissues. Each student is required to prepare tissues using histological methods. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Spring only and every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-315 Comparative Neurobiology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-161 and BI-162 or BI-200 or PB-200.

Structural and functional organization of the central and peripheral nervous system. Principles of normal and abnormal transmission, integration, and storage of information in neuronal pathways. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-321 Comparative Physiology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, and either BI-200 or BI-161 and BI-162.

A comparison of select physiological functions of different animal taxa with mammals used as a reference. Three lecture hours and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-324 Endocrinology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, and BI-200 or BI-161/162

The role of endocrine glands in the normal integration of animals; mechanisms of hormone action, function, and interrelationships. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Spring only and every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-331 Marine Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-202.

Considers the marine environment, its flora and fauna, distribution and production of plankton-nekton-benthos, zoogeography, bioeconomic factors and potential. Three lecture hours and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-333 Topics in Vertebrate Zoology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-202.

Life histories, adaptations, distribution, systematics, and economic importance of selected vertebrates taxa. Each semester will focus on a particular taxon. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-334 Wildlife Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-202.

Theory and Practice of wildlife management. Considers procedures for collection and analysis of field and laboratory data on vertebrate game populations useful to wildlife biologists. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-340 Plant Sciences

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, and BI-202.

Morphology, anatomy, physiology of flowering plants with studies on life cycles, ecological relationships, biochemical processes and evolution of plant diversity. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Spring only and other or on demand. 4 Credits

BI-341 Mycology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and BI-204.

The morphology, cytology, and evolution and classification of the fungi. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-344 Soil Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, BI-204, CH-120, and CH-121.

Includes study of nutrient cycling, relations between plants, animals, and microbes, ecology of polluted soils and soil biotechnology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Fall and Spring and every year. 4 Credits

BI-352 Symbiosis and Evolution

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, and BI-204.

Origin and nature of microbial life, evolution of multicellular organisms and the central role played by biological symbioses. Lecture and laboratory.

Fall and Spring. 4 Credits

BI-360 Animal Behavior

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140 and BI-202.

4 Credits

BI-371 Molecular Biology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and BI-203, or BI/CH-410.

Emphasis on the molecular biology of the gene. Topics include structure, function, replication, transcription, recombination, mutability, repair and regulation of DNA. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-372 Immunology

LASC Categories: NLL

Introduction to cellular defense mechanisms in health and disease; antigen-antibody reactions, human immune responses. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Spring only and every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-375 Virology

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, and BI-204.

Physical structure and replication schemes of viruses; role of viruses in human disease, research and commercial applications. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Fall and Spring and every year. 4 Credits

BI-380 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

LASC Categories: LAB

Prerequisites: BI-140, BI-141, BI-202, and BI-203.

A theoretical and quantitative approach to species, genetic, ecosystem and community diversity in the context of modern conservation biology principles. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Other or on demand. 4 Credits

BI-398 Cancer Biology

Prerequisites: BI-141 and BI-203

Cellular and molecular basis of cancer, including cancer genetics, biochemical pathways related to cancer, and modern traetment approaches.

4 Credits

BI-399 Biochemical Regulatory Mechanisms

LASC Categories: NLL

Prerequisites: BI-141 and BI-203 or take BI-410 or CH-410

Examination of the many biochemical mechanisms that regulate gene expression and protein function, with an investigative lab project. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.

Other or on demand. 4 Credits

BI-401 Selected Topics: Biological Sciences

Each topic is a lecture and/or laboratory course in a selected area of the biological sciences presented by a departmental instructor and/or guest lecturers when appropriate. Topic to be announced in advance.

Other or on demand. 1-4 Credits

BI-402 Independent Study: Biology

Advanced semi-independent study (by qualified upper-level biology majors) of an approved biological problem. Faculty supervision required. (May not be used for major requirements.)

Fall only and every year. 1-6 Credits

BI-403 Internship: Biology

Intended for qualified, upper-level biology majors. Faculty advisor required. (May not be used for major requirements.)

Fall and Spring and other or on demand. 1-6 Credits

BI-404 Biology Seminar

LASC Categories: CAP

Prerequisites: BI-202, BI-203, BI-204, BI-200 or BI-161 BI-162. Senior Standing also required

Preparation and presentation of biological topics, chosen with the advice and consent of a faculty advisor.

Fall and Spring and every year. 2 Credits

BI-408 Directed Study: Biology

Directed study offers students, who because of unusual circumstances may be unable to register for a course when offered, the opportunity to complete an existing course with an established syllabus under the direction and with agreement from a faculty member.

1-3 Credits

BI-410 Biochemistry I

LASC Categories: NLL

The chemistry of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids; enzymes, biological oxidations; and correlations in intermediary metabolism. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week. [Cross listed as CH410.]

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-411 Biochemistry II

LASC Categories: NLL

The generation and storage of metabolic energy; biosynthesis of macromolecular precursors, DNA, RNA, and protein; and biochemical regulation. Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week. [Cross listed as CH411.]

Every 2-3 years. 4 Credits

BI-430 Field Biology

Study-Abroad Field Biology course for Biology majors. Course explores the intersection of human activities and environmental preservation, with an in-depth discussion of topics in organismal biology, ecology, biodiversity and biogeography.

4 Credits

BI-440 Advanced Research Experience for Undergraduates

Advanced lab and/or field based research on a specific research topic under the supervision of a faculty member.

Fall and Spring. 1-6 Credits

BI-451 Nuclear Instrumentation I

Structure, functions, and interactions of particulate and non-particulate radiations with matter, detection, calibration, dosage, and statistical methods. Consent of NMT Coordinator. [Cross listed as PY 451.]

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-452 Nuclear Instrumentation II

Designed to further the skills of operating, calibrating and performing routine maintenance on scanners, gamma cameras, well counters, and liquid scintillation counters. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Cross listed as PY 452.]

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-453 Radiopharmaceuticals

Fundamental concepts of radiopharmaceutical production and use including basic radiochemistry. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Cross listed as PY 453.]

Spring only and every year. 4 Credits

BI-461 NMT Clinical Practicum I

Students will spend several days a week in a hospital observing the ongoing activities and procedures of a nuclear medicine facility. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Continues as BI 462; formerly BI 454.]

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-462 NMT Clinical Practicum II

Students will spend several days a week in a hospital observing the ongoing activities and procedures of a nuclear medicine facility. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Continues as BI 461; formerly BI 454.]

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-463 NMT Clinical Practicum III

Guided and supervised by clinical instructors, students begin to acquire manual skills essential to nuclear medicine technology, and in performing all routine nuclear medicine examination and laboratory procedures. Consent of NMT instructor. [Formerly BI 455.]

Every year. 6 Credits

BI-464 NMT Clinical Practicum IV

Upon completion of this practicum, students should be skilled in performing both routine and non-routine nuclear medicine examinations and laboratory procedures. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Formerly BI 456.]

Every year. 8 Credits

BI-465 Clinical NMT I

Considers why a specific test is indicated; which radiopharmaceutical is preferred; and how the basic image appearance, and/or numerical data may be altered by pathological states. Consent of NMT coordinator. [Cross listed as CH 465; formerly BI/CH 457.]

Every year. 4 Credits

BI-466 Clinical NMT II

Case presentations using formulas, charts, tables, and calculations to arrive at examination parameters such as dose, number of counts, speed of instrument, etc. Consent of NMT instructor. [Cross listed as CH 466; formerly BI/CH 458.]

Every year. 4 Credits