Criminal Justice

Department of Criminal Justice

Faculty

Tina R. Adams, Assistant Professor (2013), B.A. College of the Holy Cross; M.A., Ph.D. California School of Professional Psychology

Robert A. Brooks, Professor (2004), B.M. Wayne State University; M.A. Antioch University, Los Angeles; J.D. University of Detroit Law School; Ph.D. American University

Aimee Delaney, Assistant Professor (2013), B.A., M.A., C.A.G.S. (Domestic Violence) University of Massachusetts, Lowell; Ph.D. University of New Hampshire

Hye-Sun Kim, Assistant Professor (2010), B.A. Dongguk University, South Korea; M.A. Ewha Women's University, South Korea; M.A. John Jay College of Criminal Justice; Ph.D. Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Penny Martin, Associate Professor (2003), B.S. Weber State College, Utah; M.A. Humboldt State University; Ph.D. University of Miami

Stephen A. Morreale, Department Chair, Associate Professor (2007), B.S. University of Massachusetts, Boston; M.P.A. Golden Gate University; D.P.A. Nova Southeastern University

Francis G. Olive III, Assistant Professor (2016), B.S. Our Lady of the Elms College; M.C.S.W. Fordham University; Ph.D. University of New Haven

James M. Silver, Assistant Professor (2016), B.A. Notre Dame University; J.D. Harvard University; Ph.D. University of Massachusetts, Lowell

John R. Tahiliani, Associate Professor (2008), B.A. King's College; M.A., Ph.D. Washington State University

CJ-101 Introduction to Criminal Justice

A survey of the American Criminal Justice System as a socio- political institution. The police, criminal courts, and correctional and rehabilitative endeavors will be analyzed within the framework of empirical research from the perspectives of the social sciences. Required of all Freshmen in the Criminal Justice major.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-102 Introduction to Corrections

Prerequisites: CJ-101

An in-depth examination of the American Correctional System. Traditional punitive measures will be analyzed in relation to current reintegration alternatives.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-111 Law Enforcement and Society

Prerequisites: CJ-101

The structure and function of law enforcement agencies in contemporary society will be analyzed in their sociological context. Particular emphasis will be placed on the role of the police within the framework of the Criminal Justice System.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-193 Special Topics for First-Year Students

LASC Categories: FYS

Introductory level course covering topics of special interest to first-year students. Offered only as a First-Year Seminar.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-203 Theories of Crime

Prerequisites: CJ-101

An exploration of prominent theories of crime causation, ranging from biological, psychological, sociological, and cultural explanations. Theories are compared and contrasted and implications are discussed as foundations for criminal justice system policy.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-205 American Judicial System

Prerequisites: CJ-101

An examination of the development of law and the American legal system. The problems related to the meaning and uses of law: the organizational hierarchy of the courts: and the role of the courts in the criminal justice systems.

3 Credits

CJ-211 Victimology

Prerequisites: CJ-101

Criminal-victim relationships, with emphasis on victim-precipitated crimes and compensation to the victims.

Every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

CJ-215 Art Crimes

LASC Categories: TLC, HBS

This course explores a variety of criminal offenses involving the production, consumption, distribution, and display of art, including graffiti/street art, forgery, theft, vandalism, rights infringement, and indecent and politically subversive art. The course examines these offenses from an interdisciplinary perspective, including law, criminology, aesthetics, economics, and cultural studies. Art crimes are examined from the international level to the local one. (This course does not count as a Criminal Justice elective for Criminal Justice majors.)

3 Credits

CJ-216 Cybercrime

Prerequisites: CJ-101 and CJ-111 and CJ-205

Cybercrime has grown in visibility and importance during the last two decades. There is growing public interest in cybercrime and idnetity theft and its consequences for businesses and individuals, only scant attention has been given to investigation and understanding of this crime. The focus of this course is to introduce students with the technical, social and legal aspects of cybercrime while exposing students to theories tools and approaches to preventing and investigation of Cybercrime.

Every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

CJ-250 Quantifying Crime

LASC Categories: QAC

Prerequisites: Pass accuplacer with a code 3 or above.

Students are provided with an overview of statistics used in criminal justice and criminology. The course covers topics including constructing testable research questions in the study of crime, organizing data, applying appropriate statistical tests, and interpreting results. This course also teaches student how to evaluate government data, technical reports, and empirical studies which summarize criminal justice data. Specific topics may include measuring crime, calculating crime hot spots, and crime mapping.

Other or on demand and every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

CJ-301 Juvenile Procedure

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An examination of the underlying philosophy of juvenile justice and procedures used to process a juvenile alleged to be delinquent through the juvenile justice system. The course will focus on the differences between juvenile procedure and adult criminal procedure by examing recent court decisions and statutory law pertaining to juveniles.

3 Credits

CJ-302 Criminal Law

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ102, CJ 205.

The function of criminal law and its relationship to various criminal offenses. including crimes against persons and crimes against property.

3 Credits

CJ-303 Patterns of Criminality

The U.S. Department of Justice Index Crimes will be studied along with other crimes; which will be selected on the basis of their contemporary administrative significance and their effect on the criminal justice system in particular.

3 Credits

CJ-305 Principles of Evidence and Proof

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

The study of the different types of evidence, relevance, the hearsay rule and its exceptions, impeachment and cross- examination and privileged communications.

3 Credits

CJ-306 Contemporary Problems in Corrections

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An intensive analysis of selected problems in institutional and community corrections.

3 Credits

CJ-307 Contemporary Problems in Law Enforcement

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An intensive analysis of selected problems in American law enforcement and police-community relations. A major research paper is required.

3 Credits

CJ-310 Organized and White Collar Crime

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

The methods through which organized crime influences and, in many instances, controls entire communities. Traditional types of crime heavily influenced by organized crime, such as loan sharking and gambling, will be analyzed in an effort to demonstrate the basis of power and wealth of organized crime in the United States.

3 Credits

CJ-312 Women and the Law

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An examination of the female and her involvement with the legal processes in the United States. Attention will be focused on the female as the offender and as the victim. Analysis of the various theoretical approaches to understanding the female offender will be presente in addition to an exploration of the recent literature on the female and the criminal justice system.

3 Credits

CJ-314 Seminar on Offender Rehabilitation

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

The "nothing works" doctrine generated by the controversial Martinson report has resulted in considerable confusion regarding the effectiveness of corrections programs designed to elicit specific behavioral changes on the part of the correctional client. This course will thoroughly examine the debate surrounding the "nothing works" doctrine anD present those methods of rehabilitation that have proven effective in the treatment of offenders. Probation, parole and programs for the incarcerated offender will be thE primary focus of this course.

3 Credits

CJ-317 Evolution of American Law Enforcement

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

A critical analysis of the contemporary American law enforcement establishment in relation to the evolutionary forces that have contributed to its development. Excepting modern technology, the law enforcement function tends to run in predictable cycles. Traditional in origin, these cyclical phenomena may be observed in the patterns of older societies. Reflections of the past are deemed vital to a more objective and well-rounded perception of current issues.

3 Credits

CJ-320 Criminal Procedure Fourth Amendment Rights of the Accused

Prerequisites: CJ-205.

A study of the basic constitutional rights associated with the investigation, prosecution, and trial of criminal cases, and how the U.S. Supreme Court and other appellate courts have interpreted those rights. The course focuses on law enforcement practices including arrests, lineups, interrogations, searches and seizures, and on court processes including pre-trial proceedings, trial, and sentencing.

Other or on demand and every 2-3 years. 3 Credits

CJ-322 Gangs

This course will offer an in-depth study of gangs in the United States. Topics to be examined include various theories of gang formation, group dynamics, and individual factors associated with gang membership. Attention will also be given to the different types of gangs that exist. Given these dynamics, the final portion of the course will focus on prevention and intervention efforts aimed at reducing gang behavior.

3 Credits

CJ-323 Religion and Crime in Contemporary America

This course will serve as an introduction to issues related toreligion and the criminal justice system. Topics will include the religious origins of the legal and correctional systems, religion and contemporary law, religion in prison and corrections, hate crimes and terrorism.

3 Credits

CJ-324 Restorative Community Justice

Restorative Community Justice is based on a new vision of criminal justice that stresses offender reintegration through offender accountability. Rather than simply a legal violation, crime is viewed as a breach in the relationship between the offender and the victim, and also the offender and the community. To the greatest degree possible, resolution should rest in the hands of those most directly involved, with the state mediating the conflict. This course will explore the philosophy of restorative justice, and current practices of victim-offender mediation, where the offender is required to directly confront the perosn(s) harmed, and the victim is given a real voice. It will examine how offenses can beresolved in ways that are positive and constructive for victims, communities, and also for offenders. The student will develop an understanding of the basic tenets of restorative justice, and also knowledge of how this concept is being applied in criminal justice practices in the U.S.and internationally.

3 Credits

CJ-325 Capital Punishment

This course focuses on capital punishment law, particularly United States Supreme Court decisions addressing constitutional issues relevant to the death penalty. Students also will explore empirical, penological, political, and moral issues related to the death penalty and its administration.

3 Credits

CJ-327 Race, Ethnicity and Criminal Justice

Prerequisites: CJ-205

An examination of the issues of race and ethnicity which continue to affect all aspects of criminal justice in America. Whether as offenders, victims, or as persons working (or seeking to work) within the system, African Americans, Hispanics, and other minorities are treated differently than non-minorities. This course explores the core soncepts of race and ethnicity as they have developed in our culture, and examines the evidence for and against various forms of racism and discrimination in key institutions of the criminal justice system. The nature and status of constitutional, statutory, and other remedies are also explored.

3 Credits

CJ-329 Crime and the Media

The course will deal with issues related to the mass media and crime in society. The increasing importance of the mass media in shaping peoples perception of attitudes toward the criminal justice system will be focused on. Other topics will include the media as a cause and cure for crime, biases in the media coverage, the effects of the media on criminal proceedings and crime on television and films.

3 Credits

CJ-330 Criminal Justice Administration

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An examination of organizational theory and its applications within criminal justice agencies. Consideration of the principles of organization and methods adopted by progressive agencies to unsure effective criminal justice service to the community will be reviewed.

3 Credits

CJ-331 Research Methods in Criminal Justice

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An introduction to scientific methodology as related to criminal justice. The course will focus on the development of hypotheses, data collection, data analysis and hypothesis verification. Attention is also given to basic statistical techniques appropriate for criminal justice research.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-332 Homicide

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102, CJ-205.

An in-depth discussion of the legal definitions of and rationalizations for homicide. The statistical aggregates of those occaisions will be considered in terms of demographic and ethno-cultural phenomena. The murder episode is examined within the context of morality.

3 Credits

CJ-333 Terrorism

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-201/CJ-111, CJ-202/CJ-102.

This course will explore the development of terrorism as a form of crime. Topics to be studied include major terrorist groups and their strategies, tactics and targets, jurisdictional issues, anti- and counter-terrorist operations, federal law enforcement, and future trends in terrorism.

3 Credits

CJ-334 Drugs, Crime and Society

Prerequisites: CJ-101.

This course will present an overview of the problems of drug-related crime in contemporary society. Specific drug substances are discussed, as well as legal, cultural, and social factors in connection with drug law enforcement.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-335 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Prerequisites: CJ-205

Increasingly, practitioners in the American criminal justice systems are required to interact with their counterparts, as well as citizens from other national jurisdictions. Effective interaction, including cooperation and sharing, requires some understanding of how criminal justice is conceived and practiced in other parts of the world. This course examines and compares key institutions of the criminal justice systems in six model countries, two in Europe, two in Asia, one Islamic nation, and one from Latin America. We look not only at formal organizations in each country, but also at actual practices and how they compare with each other and the United States. To understand how differences and similarities have developed, we also learn something of the history, culture, political system and economic conditions of each model country.

3 Credits

CJ-337 Criminal Justice Ethics

Prerequisites: CJ-101

this course investigates the application of moral logic to problems in the field of Criminal Justice. Issues related to policing, criminal prosecution, and corrections will be studied. Students will be encouraged to induce general moral precepts and rules from the examination of particular situations and problems.

3 Credits

CJ-338 Issues in Contemporary Security

An overview of security systems applicable to contemporary industrial and commercial demands. Losses through physical, technological, and personnel hazards are viewed as preventable phenomena if vulnerabilities are recognized and ameliorative measures taken. Counter-measures will be weighed within the framework of loss criticality and cost of effectiveness.

Other or on demand. 3 Credits

CJ-339 Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections

This course will present an overview of correctional options in the community. It will challenge students to consider how sanctions for criminal offenders can be managed in the communitywithout unduly sacrificing community safety or the integrity of the justice system. Community corrections is a fluid and coninually changing field. The focus will be on main themes and trends in probation and parole. Specific attention will be given to the dual, and often conflicting, goals of community protection and positiveoffender change with which the practitioner is typically confronted, the types of policies and programs implemented to meet these goals, and their effectiveness.

3 Credits

CJ-340 Special Topics in Criminal Justice

An in-depth study of a limited or specialized area within the criminal Justice field. Course content will vary according to the area of specialization of the instructor and the interest of the students. May be repeated if course content differs.

3 Credits

CJ-352 Principles of Investigation

Prerequisites: CJ-101 and CJ-201/CJ-111.

This course provides students with a theoretical framework for the practice of investigation in both the private and public sectors. Various techniques and protocols for investigation will be explored including infractions and ethics investigations and background investigations. Students will link these methods to the collection of physical evidence, interpretation and preservation of data, rules of evidence, techniques of documentation, along with interview and interrogation approaches.

3 Credits

CJ-371 Strategic Planning

Prerequisites: CJ-101

This course is designed to acquaint students with general theories of planned change at the individual, organizational, and community levels. Special atention will be given to the need for employee involvement and collaboration in working toward organizational goals, with reference to concepts such as reinventing government and total quality management. The emphasis will be on applied theory. Students will be expected to develop their own ideas for change in the fields of policing, courts, or corrections. They would then be required to consider the resistances that would likely arise as their changes are introduced, and how they should best be dealt with, considering planned change theories from the course.

3 Credits

CJ-384 Adult Offenders: Case Studies

A critical, theoretical examination of adult offenders, especially those who are socially disadvantaged. This examination will be based largely upon the analysis of qualitative research studies that hav been done with adult offenders. Special attention is given to the case study method and to understanding adult offenders as individuals making choices within the constraints of larger political, economic, social and ideological structures.

3 Credits

CJ-385 Juvenile Offenders: Case Studies

A critical, theoretical examination of various types of juvenile offenders. This examination will be based largely upon the analysis of qualitative research studies that have been done with juveniles. Special attention is given to the case study method and to understanding juvenile offenders as individuals embedded within and influenced by numerous social structures.

3 Credits

CJ-398 Field Practicum in Criminal Justice

The field practicum class involves the student's participation in the day-to-day functions of a publicly funded criminal justice agency. The course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to translate the theoretically oriented classroom experience into practical application.

3-6 Credits

CJ-399 Independent Study in Criminal Justice

Individual research and independent study related to a particular aspect of criminal justice that is of special interest.

3-6 Credits

CJ-400 Criminal Justice Capstone

LASC Categories: CAP

Prerequisites: CJ-101, CJ-102/CJ-202, CJ-111/CJ-201, CJ-203/CJ-121, CJ-205, and CJ-331.

Provide students the opportunity to engage in a culminating experience in which they use critical thinking skills to analyze, integrate, and synthesize the knowledge gained in their major program of study. Students will apply that knowledge and critical thinking skills to the exploration of issues and concerns/problems of the profession in preparation of future employment and/or graduate education.

Every year. 3 Credits

CJ-408 Directed Study: Criminal Justice

Directed study offers students, who because of unusual circumstances may be unable to register for a course when offered, the opportunity to complete an existing course with an established syllabus under the direction and with agreement from a faculty member.

Other or on demand. 3 Credits